Caribbean Basins, Tectonics, and Hydrocarbons Project
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CBTH Researchers at AAPG 2014


Below you will find a list accepted abstracts by CBTH Researchers at the 2014 American Association of Petroleum Geologists meeting in Houston. Stay tuned for updates.
  • TITLE: Along-Strike Sediment Transport is an Underappreciated Control on the Pleistocene Sedimentary Record Offshore East Coast Trinidad
    AUTHORS: Tricia Alvarez (1), Lesli Wood (1) Paul Mann (2)
    INSTITUTIONS: 1. Bureau of Economic Geology, University of Texas, Austin, TX, United States. 2. Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Houston, Houston, TX, United States.
    ABSTRACT: coming soon...

    SESSION TITLE: Theme 4: Integrated Source to Sink Sedimentary Systems and Applications to Stratigraphic Prediction (SEPM/AAPG)
    SESSION DATE: April 7, 2014
    PRESENTATION TIME: 10:10 AM to 10:30 PM
    SESSION LOCATION: Room 460

  • TITLE: Tectonic Interpretation of Changing Paleostress in the Circum-Caribbean Region
    AUTHORS: Kherlen Batbayar (1), Paul Mann (1), J.C. Hippolyte (2)
    INSTITUTIONS: 1. Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Houston, Houston, TX, United States. 2. CEREGE, Universite Aix-Marseille III, Aix en Provence, France
    ABSTRACT: coming soon...

    SESSION TITLE: Theme 8: Structure and Tectonics From Basin to Prospect (PSG/AAPG)
    SESSION DATE: April 7, 2014
    PRESENTATION TIME: 08:30 AM to 5:00 PM
    SESSION LOCATION: Room 460

  • TITLE: Stages of Jurassic Rifting, Magmatism, and Salt Deposition in the Eastern Gulf of Mexico Inferred from a Grid of Deep-Penetration Seismic Reflection Data Tied to Wells
    AUTHORS: Murad Hasan (1), Paul Mann (1)
    INSTITUTIONS: 1. Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Houston, Houston, TX, United States.
    ABSTRACT: coming soon...

    SESSION TITLE: Theme 1: Mexico – New Frontiers, Emerging Plays and Petroleum Systems (AAPG)
    SESSION DATE: April 8, 2014
    PRESENTATION TIME: 11:30 AM to 11:50 PM
    SESSION LOCATION: Room 351

  • TITLE: University of Houston Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences: Its Origin and Highlights of Its First 80 Years of Education and Service to the Oil Industry
    AUTHORS: Paul Mann (1)
    INSTITUTIONS: 1. Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Houston, Houston, TX, United States.

    SESSION TITLE: History of Petroleum Geology (AAPG)
    SESSION DATE: April 6, 2014
    PRESENTATION TIME: 2:20 pM to 2:40 PM
    SESSION LOCATION: General Assembly B

  • TITLE: Island Arcs, Misplaced Continents, and a Large Igneous Province: Challenges for Petroleum Prospecting in the Western Caribbean
    AUTHORS: Bryan Ott (1), Paul Mann (1), Mike Saunders (2)
    INSTITUTIONS: 1. Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Houston, Houston, TX, United States. 2. Spectrum Geo Inc., Houston, TX, United States.
    ABSTRACT: coming soon...

    SESSION TITLE: Theme 8: Tectonic Controls on Basin Development and Stratigraphic Response (PSG/AAPG)
    SESSION DATE: April 7, 2014
    PRESENTATION TIME: 3:45 PM to 4:05 PM
    SESSION LOCATION: Room 320

  • TITLE: Structural and Gravity Transects of the Colon Mountains-Nicaraguan Rise Orogenic Belt of Honduras and Offshore Nicaragua/Jamaica
    AUTHORS: Bryan Ott (1), Paul Mann (1),
    INSTITUTIONS: 1. Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Houston, Houston, TX, United States.
    ABSTRACT: Late Cretaceous northward collision of the Great Arc of the Caribbean with a thin strip of Precambrian-Paleozoic continental rocks led to four distinctive deformed belts observed in outcrop in northern Central America and extending 150 km to the east-northeast beneath the carbonate platform of the Nicaraguan Rise. These deformed belts are identified from outcrop relations described from previous field studies in Central America, and from vintage and modern seismic reflection and gravity data from the Nicaraguan Rise. The belts include: 1) a relatively undeformed continental foreland in northern Central America and the northern Nicaraguan Rise; these rocks have a crustal thickness ranging from 45 km in western Honduras to 30 km at 85W; 2) northwest- verging fold-thrust belt of the Colon Mountains that extends up to 150 km to the northeast and plunges below the Tertiary carbonate cap of the Nicaraguan Rise; these rocks have a crustal thickness of 20-30 km and show an imbricate style of thrusting of late Cretaceous age; 3) Great Arc of the Caribbean or Siuna belt of Nicaragua: these rocks include calc-alkaline volcanic rocks, serpentinite, and ultramafic cumulates of Campanian age (75 Ma) and were deformed by northward thrusting in the late Cretaceous; 4) Caribbean oceanic plateau of Nicaragua and Costa Rica and the area of the Lower Nicaraguan Rise; this little deformed belt has a crustal thickness of 18-20 km and was formed during the Caribbean plume event during the Santonian (88 Ma). Four transects are presented using a combination of 7500 km of seismic and gravity data. Ages are tied to 41 available wells including those from the IODP program. Petroleum implications include: 1) a proven hydrocarbon system at the Main Cape well near the coast of eastern Honduras that formed as an Eocene restricted marine basin in a piggy- back setting on the northward-vergent thrust belt; 2.) a deeper, Cretaceous age, likely gas-prone passive margin play that has been deformed and incorporated into southward-dipping thrust faults formed during the northward transport of the Siuna belt/Great Arc of the Caribbean; and 3) the petroleum potential of the northward-vergent thrust belt is unknown as wells have not penetrated to this depth. 

    SESSION TITLE: AAPG Student Research Poster Session
    SESSION DATE: April 7, 2014
    PRESENTATION TIME: 8:30 AM to 5:00 PM
    SESSION LOCATION: Exhibition Hall

  • TITLE: Are along-strike Alternations of Symmetrical and Non-symmetrical South Atlantic Conjugate Margins Controlled by Volcanic vs. Non-volcanic Rifting Process?
    AUTHORS: Kyle Reuber (1), Paul Mann (1), Mike Saunders (2)
    INSTITUTIONS: 1. Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Houston, Houston, TX, United States. 2. Spectrum Geo Inc., Houston, TX, United States.
    ABSTRACT: The mirror hypothesis widely applied to South Atlantic exploration proposes that large oil and gas fields on one margin can be found by moving along the opening flow lines of oceanic fracture zones to the conjugate margin in South America or Africa. The mirror hypothesis would only be correct if the rifting process is symmetrical and evenly divides the hydrocarbon-rich basin into two equal halves. If the rifting process is asymmetrical it is less likely that the same hydrocarbon-rich basin would be divided equally on both conjugate margins. In order to identify areas of symmetrical rifting assumed to form by pure shear vs. areas of asymmetrical rifting assumed to form by simple shear rifting in the area from the Equatorial Atlantic to the Falkland Islands, we have constructed 10, trans-oceanic isostatically-corrected basement cross sections extending from the South American to African continents. These sections which include the locations of the continent-ocean boundary (COB) known from previous studies and previously published regional seismic profiles show that asymmetrical margins characterize the equatorial Atlantic (latitude 5.0° S) to the Florianopolis fracture zone. In this northern zone of non-volcanic passive margins, the broad, low relief rift zone inferred to be the lower plate margin formed by a lower temperature simple shear process alternates at scales of 1,000 km (or less) with the narrow, high standing upper plate margin. Within this region, distribution of oil field concentrations follow the alternating patterns and have higher frequency on the interpreted lower plate margin segments. South of the Florianopolis fracture zone to the Falkland Islands, the volcanic passive margin becomes symmetrical with the width of the rifted zone roughly equidistant on both conjugate margins. We propose that this area reflects a pure shear rifting process involving a higher temperature and more ductile deformed crust with early rift basins equally divided on both conjugate margins. Analysis of the distribution of oil productive oil and gas provinces supports an alternating rift architecture and where either pure shear or simple shear processes occurred.

    SESSION TITLE: AAPG Student Research Poster Session
    SESSION DATE: April 7, 2014
    PRESENTATION TIME: 8:30 AM to 5:00 PM
    SESSION LOCATION: Exhibition Hall

  • TITLE: Regional Transect Across the Western Caribbean: Structural Styles and Plate Reconstructions of Late Cretaceous to Cenozoic Tectonic Events
    AUTHORS: Javier Sanchez (1), Paul Mann (1)
    INSTITUTIONS: 1. Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Houston, Houston, TX, United States. 2. Spectrum Geo Inc., Houston, TX, United States.
    ABSTRACT: coming soon...

    SESSION TITLE: AAPG Student Research Poster Session
    SESSION DATE: April 9, 2014
    PRESENTATION TIME: 8:30 AM to 5:00 PM
    SESSION LOCATION: Exhibition Hall



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